Diet is the most important aspect in the treatment of diabetes, but there is no single diabetes diet. Your doctor or dietitian will work with you to come up with a plan suited to your needs. They may talk to you about using food exchanges or carbohydrate counting to plan your meals.
The old idea that Rice should not be taken is a fallacy. All cereals contain the same amount of starch. e.g., rice, wheat, jowar etc. It is the quantity that matters.
Vegetable proteins like dhall, pulses and legumes are better than animal proteins. Combination of cereals and pulses will enhance the protien quality. Mushrooms are low in calorie, but rich in protein.
Fibre rich foods are very good in controlling diabetes and for reducing serum cholesterol Rich sources of natural fibre are whole cereals, pulses like bengal gram, black gram, green gram and green leafy vegetables. Soluble fibres from fenugreek seeds taken either as sprouted or in powder form can be used as a supportive therapy.
Intake of saturated fat should be reduced to prevent increase in serum cholesterol. Use vegetable oils in moderation and a mixture of monounsaturated oils like groundnut orgingilly oil and polyunsaturated oils like saffola or Sunola is best.
The intake of total calories is to be reduced by those who are overweight.
Food should be distributed into small frequent feeds. Skipping a meal or fasting is not really advisable:
Vegetables that can be taken in unlimited amounts are - Ash gourd, Beans, Bitter gourd, Bottle gourd, Brinjal, Brussels sprouts, Broccoli, Cabbage, Cucumber, Cauliflower, Chowchow, Cluster eans, Coriander leaves, Cowpea-pod (Karamani), Capsicum, Drumstick, Ginger, Greens (all varieties), Knol khol, Kovai, Ladies fmger, Mint, Onions, Papaya (raw), Plantain flower, Plantain stem, Ridge gourd, Snake gourd, Tomato (raw and ripe), Turnip, White Radish.
Carrot, beetroot, peas and double beans can be used in moderation
Potatoes, yam, colocasia and tapioca are better avoided.
FREE FOODS: Skimmed buttermilk, unsweetened lime/tomato juice, clear soup, pepper water(rasam), vegetable salads like tomatoes, cucumber, onion, white raddish, lettuce and capsicum
A BOWL OF SALAD 100 gms = 25 Calories
AVOID Sugar, honey, glucose, jam, jaggery, sweets, cakes, pastries, tender coconut water sweetened, soft drinks, banana, mango, jack fruit, custard apple (Sitaphal) and dry fruits, especially if overweight.
Apple, orange, sweet lime, papaya, guava, pear, muskmelon and watermelon etc., may be taken in consultation with DiabetologistlDietitian when blood sugar is under control.
Food items that are equivalent to 200 calories are:
3 Idlies (or) 3 Chappaties (or) 2 Dosas (or) 1-3/4 cups of Rice. (Remember: anyone and not all of these)